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Heart Attack

A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when an area of heart muscle dies or is permanently damaged due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to that area.


  • Chest pain or other pain, which radiates from the chest to the arms or shoulder; neck, teeth, or jaw; abdomen or back. The pain can be intense and severe or quite subtle and confusing and can feel like:
    • Squeezing or heavy pressure
    • A tight band on the chest
    • An elephant sitting on your chest
    • Bad indigestion
    • Anxiety
  • Cough
  • Fainting
  • Feeling of impending doom
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating, which may be profuse

Note: Women may experience different symptoms than men; read more about our Women’s Heart Program.

Diagnostic Tools

  • Angiography
  • EKG
  • Echocardiogram
  • Stress Test

Treatment Options

Both medication and surgery are options for treating heart attack patients.

  • ACE Inhibitors
  • Beta Blockers
  • Thrombolytic Therapy (drugs used to break up or dissolve blood clots)
  • Angioplasty
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABG)