A narrow mitral valve that does not allow sufficient blood flow
Expert Heart & Vascular Care
Getting the care you need starts with seeing one of our heart or vascular specialists.
The mitral valve allows blood flow through between the two left chambers of your heart, the left ventricle and the left atrium. Mitral stenosis does not allow the valve to open properly, decreasing blood flow through the heart. This can lead to pulmonary hypertension, atrial fibrillation or heart failure.
What are mitral stenosis symptoms?
Mitral stenosis usually develops slowly with minimal symptoms that often worsen during physical activity. You may experience:
- Chest pain
- Coughing up blood
- Edema, swelling in the feet or legs
- Heart murmur
- Heart palpitations
- Irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias)
- Shortness of breath
What can cause mitral stenosis?
The most common cause of mitral stenosis is rheumatic fever, which is rare in the United States. Calcium deposits that build up on the valve or untreated strep infections can also cause mitral stenosis.
Diagnosing mitral stenosis is the first step to developing a treatment plan. Our specialists may recommend one or more diagnostic and imaging procedures.
Cardiac catheterization is a minimally invasive way to diagnose and treat a variety of heart and vascular conditions by guiding thin, flexible tubes called catheters through blood vessels to problem areas.
Chest X-rays use a small dose of radiation to create pictures of the structures inside the chest, including the lungs, heart and chest wall.
An echocardiogram uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of your heart.
An electrocardiogram, also known as an ECG, measures the heart’s electrical activity.
Magnetic resonance imaging, better known as cardiac MRI, is a combination of radio waves, magnets and computer technology to create images of your heart and blood vessels.
Stress tests are used to assess how your heart works during physical activity. There are several types of stress tests, including treadmill or bike stress tests, nuclear stress tests, stress echocardiograms and chemically induced stress tests.
Our heart and vascular teams work together and with other specialties to develop and implement individualized plans to treat a wide variety of conditions. This could include medication or more advanced treatments.
Mitral valve disease treatments may include medication, minimally invasive procedures and surgery to treat a damaged valve.
Mitral valvuloplasty improves blood flow through the heart to the lungs and body by opening a narrow or stiff heart valve.
Percutaneous valve procedures use catheter-based methods to replace a damaged heart valve and are less invasive than traditional open-heart surgeries.