Discover the symptoms of blood clots in the deep venous system and what can cause them
Expert Heart & Vascular Care
Getting the care you need starts with seeing one of our heart or vascular specialists.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that typically affects the legs and arms. These clots can travel through the bloodstream to the heart, lungs or brain and cause a stroke or pulmonary embolism.
Our Vein Program specialists will help control your symptoms and reduce the risk of serious complications.
What are the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis?
Not everyone will experience symptoms before a clot becomes life-threatening. If you experience any of these symptoms of DVT, see your doctor right away:
- Arm or leg swelling, pain or tenderness
- Warmth in a swollen limb
- Skin discoloration
- Vein dilation
Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a complication of DVT that causes chronic leg pain, swelling, and discoloration. You may be diagnosed with PTS if blood thinners do not relieve your DVT symptoms. PTS also is called chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).
What can cause DVT?
Limited blood flow or having a history of conditions that cause abnormal clotting can increase your risk for DVT.
Some of the risk factors for blood clots include:
- Being obese
- Having a central venous catheter or pacemaker
- Living an inactive lifestyle
- Being pregnant or in the 6-week time period after childbirth
- Being 40 or older
- Taking certain birth control pills
- Suffering trauma to the vein’s inner lining from surgery or injury
The most common test used to diagnose DVT is the duplex venous ultrasound, which allows your doctor to see the blood flow through your veins. Your doctor may recommend blood tests if your DVT is caused by a genetic condition.
Arterial duplex ultrasound uses Doppler and traditional ultrasound to assess blood flow in the arteries of your arms and legs.
Chest X-rays use a small dose of radiation to create pictures of the structures inside the chest, including the lungs, heart and chest wall.
The cardiac computed tomography scan, or cardiac CT, uses X-rays to create three-dimensional images of your heart and blood vessels.
A fluoroscopy is an imaging technique that uses a continuous X-ray beam passed through the body to create real-time, moving images of your internal structures.
Magnetic resonance imaging, better known as cardiac MRI, is a combination of radio waves, magnets and computer technology to create images of your heart and blood vessels.
Your doctor likely will prescribe medications, compression stockings, walking or lower leg exercises to decrease the risk of blood clots. In some cases, surgery such as venous stenting may be required.
Complex IVC filter removal procedures are needed when a filter in the inferior vena cava has become embedded in the vessel wall or penetrated the vein.
Rheolytic thrombectomy uses a jet of saline delivered through a catheter to break up a blood clot.
Venous blood clot treatments may include medications or advanced catheter-based procedures to improve blood flow and reduce the risk of blood clots.