Advanced treatment for this common heart disease
Expert Heart & Vascular Care
Getting the care you need starts with seeing one of our heart or vascular specialists.
Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease in the United States, and the specialists in our Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology programs develop and use the latest surgical and technological advances to treat it.
Coronary artery disease often is caused by atherosclerosis, a condition in which the arteries become narrow because of the buildup of plaque. A complete blockage can result in a heart attack or stroke.
What are the symptoms of coronary artery disease?
As the artery narrows, less blood reaches the rest of your body. You may experience:
How can I prevent or control coronary artery disease?
Your risk for coronary artery disease increases as you age, and men are generally at greater risk than women.
However, there are some lifestyle changes you can make to prevent and control the condition, including:
Chest X-rays use a small dose of radiation to create pictures of the structures inside the chest, including the lungs, heart and chest wall.
The cardiac computed tomography scan, or cardiac CT, uses X-rays to create three-dimensional images of your heart and blood vessels.
An echocardiogram uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of your heart.
An electrocardiogram, also known as an ECG, measures the heart’s electrical activity.
Fractional flow reserve, also known as FFR, is a measurement of how well blood can flow through the coronary arteries. Narrowing or blockages in these arteries can lead to a heart attack without treatment.
Magnetic resonance imaging, better known as cardiac MRI, is a combination of radio waves, magnets and computer technology to create images of your heart and blood vessels.
Stress tests are used to assess how your heart works during physical activity. There are several types of stress tests, including treadmill or bike stress tests, nuclear stress tests, stress echocardiograms and chemically induced stress tests.
Treatments for coronary artery disease can increase blood flow to your heart and slow the progression of the disease, but are not a cure. Treating coronary artery disease involves reducing your risk factors, which may involve lifestyle changes. Your disease also may be treated with medication or surgical procedures.
Angioplasty improves blood flow through the arteries by clearing plaque buildup.
Coronary artery bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), restores normal blood flow through narrowed or blocked coronary arteries by using a healthy blood vessel taken from your leg, arm or chest to create a detour around the problem area.
Coronary artery stents are small mesh tubes placed within the artery to prevent blockages and allow better blood flow.
Intracoronary radiation therapy is an innovative treatment that uses radiation to prevent scar tissue buildup in the arteries after an angioplasty or stent placement.
Off-pump bypass surgery, also known as beating-heart bypass surgery, is an option for many patients to have coronary artery bypass surgery without needing to stop the heart or lungs during the procedure.
Heart surgery is an option to treat many heart conditions. You may need heart surgery either as a lifesaving procedure or when other treatments haven’t worked.